Great River Energy’s CU HVDC Project, a 1,000 MW ± 400 kV VDC bulk power transmission system between Underwood, North Dakota and Dickinson, Minnesota, was built and commissioned by ABB in 1978. The project's name "CU" originates from the name of the first owners: Cooperative Power Authority (CPA) and United Power Authority (UPA).
The link transmits power from the Coal Creek generating plant in North Dakota to the Minneapolis area in Minnesota, a distance of 700 km, because . planners early on determined it was cheaper to generate and transmit electricity over a long distance than haul coal over a long distance
HVDC technology was chosen because of its stability over long distances and low environmental impact (availability of this HVDC system has been better than 99 percent). CU was one of the first projects to employ metallic return during monopolar operation, and the first to have an ABB DC-breaker as metallic return transfer switch.
In 2002, ABB won an order to upgrade the control system to the fully digital MACH 2™ system. Installation and commissioning was performed in 11 days for pole 1 and 9 days for pole 2, an outstanding record for a project of this complexity. During these periods the other pole remained in full operation and was not disturbed by the control equipment upgrade. Only a short, 1½ day, bipolar outage was needed.
Commissioning the HVDC control system in record time was made possible by thoroughly factory testing the MACH 2 equipment, and by the dedication of the joint Great River Energy - ABB team. The bipole was back in full operation on April 17, 2004.