With an important role to play in reducing the environmental impact of global shipping, shore connection has received backing from organisations such as the European Union. For example, EU Recommendation 2006/339/EU promotes the implementation of shoreside electrical facilities, while EU Recommendation 2003/96/EC proposes the subsidisation of shoreside power supply for ships through the cancellation of electricity taxes.
At the same time, discrepancies in frequency between ship and shore are driving demand for more intelligent landside solutions.
ABB’s onshore offering comprises transformers and frequency converters to synchronise shoreside power, voltage and frequency with those of the vessel’s onboard system. Also included are connecting cables and berth terminals with capacity for several ships. The solutions are suitable for container terminals and city harbours, with power ratings to suit even the largest ports.
They cover the entire chain from the substation receiving electricity from the local network to the power outlet at the dock. Furthermore, all major components can be accommodated within compact buildings or containers designed to blend into the surrounding environment.
ABB delivered the world’s first shore power supply system to the Swedish port of Gothenburg in 2000. Other ports to have implemented high voltage shore power supply systems include Karlskrona, Gothenburg and Ystad, Sweden; Antwerp and Zeebrugge, Belgium; Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Lübeck, Germany; Oulu, Finland; Delimara, Malta; Duqm, Oman; Los Angeles and Seattle, United States; Vancouver, Canada; Jurong Singapore; and Dalian, China. It is currently engaged in projects to equip the ports of Incheon, South Korea and Tallinn, Estonia with shore power systems.